Intentional infliction of harm or, as it is also called, tort is, first of all, a wrongful action, which is aimed at causing physical harm or encroachment on the victim’s personality, as well as encroachment on his property. A willful harm case is a matter under the jurisdiction of a civil court.
There is no need to confuse a civil case with a criminal proceeding, although they can go against one person in parallel. It is necessary to understand that the process in a civil court is quite different from a criminal case. The main difference is that a criminal case seeks to punish and protect a dangerous person from the rest of society. But you need to understand that most often criminal law has nothing to do with a single victim of a crime.
The same cannot be said about the law on tort, which allows to receive indemnification for victims of crime, for their torment and suffering.
Unfortunately, in some cases, such as burglary, rape or robbery, they rarely go to court, the reason is very simple, the offenders do not have money or property to compensate the victim.
In the event that you have filed a tort claim, you must be prepared to prove only two things – the accused actually intentionally harmed you and that you or your property suffered as a result of the tort. If these two things are proven by you in court, then the accused is obliged to pay you reimbursement for all the detriment caused to you.
To file a claim for intentional harm to you or your friends, you need to understand what actions are characterized as an intentional offense. There are only seven offenses that are associated with deliberate harm to a person, these are: unlawful death, beating, defamation, deliberate harm to a psychological state, unjustified prosecution, unjust imprisonment and assault.
And for this series of crimes, you can file a civil claim to reimburse you for damages.
Also, in addition to this list of crimes of intentional harm, there are also four tort torts that are associated with encroachment on a person’s personal property, as well as the circulation of personal property and causing inconvenience. This is also a very broad area of law, as is the case with the first seven types of deliberate offenses.
Sometimes it happens that a lawsuit may be brought against you for intentional harm to another person. In such a case, there are three pretty clear positions, these are:
Negation. With this type of behavior, the accused completely denies the accusation in his face. The prizewinners must decide who they trust and the outcome of the case will depend on this.
The second type of behavior is the justification for their actions. In this case, he admits the same thing, but with only one juicy nuance – the defendant claims that the actions were not illegal. Self-defense cases are a good example.
And the last type of behavior in court is the commutation of the sentence. This type occurs when the accused admits the offense he has been saddened, but claims that he did not have intentional actions to harm the victim. That is, on the one hand, the accused admits guilt, but at the same time the illegal actions were committed without intentionally causing damage to the victim.